1 Russia’s smallest oblast (region) of Kaliningrad is an exclave located 200 miles away from the border of Russia proper.
The oblast is a wedge-shaped piece of land along the Baltic Sea between Poland and Lithuania, approximately one-half the size of Belgium.
2 Transnistria, a de-facto independent, but internationally unrecognized republic seceded from Moldova in 1990 and has its own Intellectual Property Office.
3 Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia in February 2008. It has its own Intellectual Property Office as of November 2007.